Usuba, Optimizing & Trustworthy Bitslicing Compiler
Bitslicing is a programming technique commonly used in cryptography that consists in (efficiently) implementing a combinatorial circuit in software. It results in a massively parallel program, immune to cache-timing attacks by design. However, writing a program in bitsliced form requires extreme minutia. This paper introduces Usuba, a synchronous dataflow language producing bitsliced C code. Usuba is both a domain-specific language – providing syntactic support for the implementation of cryptographic algorithms – as well as a domain-specific compiler – taking advantage of well- defined semantics invariants to perform various optimizations before handing the generated code to an (optimizing) C compiler. On the Data Encryption Standard (DES) algorithm, we show that Usuba outperforms a reference, hand-tuned implementation by 15% (using Intel’s 64 bits general-purpose registers and depending on the underlying C compiler) whilst our implementation also transparently supports modern SIMD extensions (SSE, AVX, AVX-512), other architectures (ARM Neon, IBM Altivec) as well as multiple processors through an OpenMP backend.
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